Industrial
The remote Carrizo Plain's status as one of the sunniest places in the state was exploited by the solar power industry from 1983 to 1994. This was by far the largest photovoltaic array in the world, with 100,000 1' x 4' photovoltaic arrays producing 5.2 megawatts at its peak. The plant was...
The AES power plant is the only major power plant in Orange County, which otherwise gets its power from outside the county. It is located in a coastal industrial area in Huntington Beach, adjacent to the Ascon/NESI Superfund site, a gas and oil tank farm, and near a cluster of off-shore oil rigs....
Assembly facility for Aker Maritime, a major offshore oil rig manufacturer. Huge rigs are assembled here and at Aker's Ingleside yard, located three miles south on the Intracoastal Waterway. The yard covers 160 acres, with several large shed structures for fabrication and milling pipe, and has 3,...
Assembly facility for Aker Maritime, a major offshore oil rig manufacturer. Huge rigs are assembled here and at Aker's Aransas Pass yard, located three miles north on the Intracoastal Waterway. The yard covers 180 acres, and has direct access to the Gulf of Mexico via the Corpus Christi Ship...
The Trans-Alaskan Pipeline starts at Pump Station 1, in Prudhoe Bay. The pipeline was completed in 1977 at a cost of $8 billion. It is 48" in diameter and 800 miles long, connecting the entirety of the output of the oil fields of the North Slope, to the port at Valdez, and the marketplace. The...
The Trans-Alaskan Pipeline terminus is located at Valdez, 800.5 miles from its origin on the Arctic Ocean. The 48 inch diameter pipeline was completed in 1977 at a cost of $8 billion, and is one of the largest pipelines in the world. It has a capacity of 2 million barrels of oil per day. Since the...
One of Intel's seven large manufacturing locations in the country, and one of the largest single employers in the state, this plant employs around 6,000 people at its peak, making memory chips for computers. Located on a mesa above the Rio Grande in Rio Rancho, a few miles northwest of Albuquerque...
The Aluminum Corporation of America (Alcoa) opened this central Washington aluminum plant in 1952, one of several smelters the company operates in the United States. Washington produces more aluminum than any other state, a situation which started in World War Two when aircraft companies like...
This volatile chemical production complex was built in a remote valley near Cedar City in 1989, following a devastating explosion of the company's plant in Henderson, Nevada in 1988. It is owned by American Pacific Corporation (Ampac), a company based in Las Vegas. The Western Electrochemical (...
Two adjacent refineries are located on March Point, in Anacortes - one operated by the Tesoro Petroleum Corporation, and a larger one operated by Shell. Crude, processed at the plants, comes primarily from Alaska's North Slope, arriving by tankers making the trip from the Alaska pipeline terminus...
This is the corporate headquarters and, at 1,125 acres, probably the largest of ADM's 200+ manufacturing facilities worldwide. ADM is one of the largest agribusiness companies in the world. The company principally purchases raw farm products, the big American staples like wheat, corn, and soy, and...
One of two copper smelters owned by Asarco (the other is in Hayden, Arizona, closer to the company's mines in Arizona), El Paso has a 828-foot-tall stack, at this 123-acre plant site. When operating at full capacity the plant employs over 400 people. Phelps Dodge also operates a copper refinery in...
One of the last operating lead smelters in the country, the East Helena Plant was finally shut down in April 2001. The 141-acre plant, which opened in 1888, produced around 750 tons of lead bullion per day, as well as the marketable by-product sulfuric acid. The plant employed around 260 people,...
Reactive Metals Incorporated (RMI) is a private company that processed uranium for reactors at the Department of Energy's Savannah River Site and the N-Reactor at Hanford, WA. Primarily formed fuel rods out of uranium billet supplied by the Fernald Feed Plant, using DOE-owned extrusion presses....
Until recently, when the corporate HQ was moved to Virginia, ATK was headquartered in this building in the suburbs of Minneapolis. ATK is a military products company that specializes in the full range of projectiles, from bullets to ballistic missiles. Also known as Alliant Tech Systems, they are...
The Golden Eagle Refinery in Martinez, also known as the Avon Refinery, is one of five refineries located around the San Francisco Bay and Delta region. Valued around $1 billion, the refinery has a processing capacity of 166,000 barrels of crude per day, making mostly automotive fuels. It was built...
Bath Iron Works is a dense industrial shipyard complex covering around 60 acres on the Kennebek River, and is the largest private employer in the state of Maine. The yard has been producing vessels for the Navy for over 100 years. Recent projects at the shipyard include a series of large AEGIS-...
One of the largest refineries in the northeast, with a capacity of 250,000 barrels per day. Has the world's largest catalytic cracker, with a feed rate of five million gallons per day. The Tosco Company, of Stamford, CT, bought the refinery from Exxon in 1993, and in 2001, Tosco was bought by...
The Benicia Refinery was built by Exxon from 1966-1969, and has the distinction of receiving the first shipload of crude to be delivered from the Alaskan Pipeline, in 1977. Most of the crude processed here still comes from the pipeline via Valdez, though the refinery is also connected to a crude...
Bethlehem Steel’s hometown plant in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, is one of the great monuments to the steel industry. It is much more than just a shuttered and abandoned mill, though it is that too. The plant once occupied 20% of the land in Bethlehem and employed more than 30,000 people at its peak...
An explosive weapons development and testing site is located in the Potrero Hills, between the March and Travis Air Force Base. The Explosives Technology Company first developed the site in 1967, taking over an old Nike missile site, and acquiring a few hundred additional acres. OEA Aerospace, now...
This 2,717-foot-long cement structure is listed as the largest grain elevator in the world. In 1998, an explosion at the facility killed seven people, and heavily damaged the structure. The elevator is composed of 246 individual 30-foot- by 120-foot-tall connected concrete tanks in three parallel...
Two coal mines in the nearby hills serve distant power plants. This silo is at the end of a 17-mile-long conveyor connecting to the Kayenta Mine on Black Mesa. From here it is loaded on to electric trains that take it 75 miles on a dedicated track to the Navajo Power Plant near Page. Power from...
The Boeing Commercial Aircraft Division complex at the north end of Paine Field in Everett includes what is called the most capacious building in the world (enclosing a volume of 600 million cubic feet on 96 acres). The 11-story high building was constructed in 1968 to house the assembly of the 747...
In 1971, the Boston Gas Company commissioned the artist (and nun) Corita Kent to turn what many considered to be an industrial eyesore into a popular landmark. What is now called "the world's largest copyrighted artwork," is actually a reproduction, as the original tank was torn down in 1992, and...
Probably the second largest  coal-fired power plant in the country (in terms of out put), generating 3.2 million kilowatts. This plant was rated as the worst emitter of toxic chemicals (19.5 million pounds) in the country in 1998. It is owned by the Georgia Power Company, which itself is owned...
A large, now closed-down smelter for lead and zinc mining operations in the Coeur d'Alene region, called Bunker Hill, which is now one of the nation's largest Superfund toxic clean-up sites. Two large stacks at the smelter, one 715-feet high, were demolished in 1996, and the rest of the operation,...
The Brawley sugar plant in Imperial County processes beets grown in the region into sugar. Imperial County is the largest producer of sugar beets in California, and this is the largest plant in the county. The Holly Sugar company built the plant in 1947. In 1988 Holly was bought by Imperial Sugar....
This coal-fired plant on the southern coast of Massachusetts, near Fall River, is the largest fossil fuel power plant in New England. Coal comes by ship and barge from coal mines in West Virginia, Kentucky, and from as far away as South America, and enters the plant through a system of sloped...
Salt has been extracted from the dry lake bed since 1909, and continues to be mined today. The surface layer on much of the lake, which is three to seven feet thick, is removed in order to get at the salt, and is dumped in long rows of conical piles along the trenches. The Cargill Salt Company, the...