Military
Plattsburgh was a major military base starting as early as 1814, until 1995, when it was closed by BRAC. At that time it was a base for medium range bombers, and a refueling wing, and had 4,000 active duty military personnel. It is located at the northeast corner of New York, on Lake Champlain. It...
A large military training area in the middle of Hawaii's Big Island, located adjacent to the Mauna Kea Observatory. 109,000 acres used as an impact area, firing range, airfield, and maneuver area. The largest military groundspace in Hawaii.
Point Molate was developed by the California Wine Association in 1908, as a central winery for processing grapes from all over the state. The Winehaven Winery, as it was called, became the largest winery in the United States, producing 12 million gallons of wine and port per year at its peak,...
The Naval Air Warfare Weapons Station at Point Mugu is a 4,490 acre, heavily developed site, on the coast of Southern California, near Ventura. It is a weapons research and development, test and evaluation center for the Navy, and has been developing missiles, drones and target vehicles since WWII...
Located on the northern tip of Fort Bragg, Pope is a 1,900 acre base with 5,500 employees and approximately 70 aircraft. The "flying tigers" of Pope are deployed to many contemporary incursions, and are recognizable because all the aircraft, from fighter jets to transports, have a snarling tiger's...
Port Hueneme is primarily an engineering, maintenance and construction base for various Navy functions. The Naval Construction Battalion Center at Port Hueneme is the home of the Pacific coast "SeaBees", the wartime engineering and building force. The Naval Facilities Engineering Services Center is...
Nuclear submarine maintenance and refueling base, located on a heavily industrialized 272-acre island off Kittery, Maine, across the Piscataqua River from Portsmouth, NH. The base is the nation's oldest public shipyard, nearly 200 years old, and has around 4,100 employees.
An internment camp in the desert where 17,000 people of Japanese ethnicity were imprisoned during World War Two. The facility consists of three camps in the region. One of ten such relocation camps in the country that imprisoned over 100,000 people during the war.
1,480 acres of scenic urban land at the base of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. The Sixth Army still has a presence of a few hundred people here; they pay rent to the National Park Service, which inherited the base when it was officially closed in 1995. The most expensive park to maintain...
Former military base now converted to a civilian airport. In 1962, this was the nations only SNARK missile site, the first battery of intercontinental missiles to be aimed at the Soviet Union. SNARK missiles were 67 foot long, winged missiles, launched from mobile missile launchers, and, though...
Part of a network of satellite control facilities, under operation by the Navy. Headquartered at Point Mugu, CA, the facilities include stations at Rosemount, MN, Laguna Peak, CA, and the Lincoln Laboratory in Massachusetts. The Navy, at one point, used its own system of satellites for navigation,...
While the Army Depot near the steel town of Pueblo has officially been deactivated, over 2,000 tons of mustard gas projectiles and cartridges continue to be stored on site, but most of the buildings are being developed into an industrial park. As an active munitions storage facility, established in...
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard began life in 1891, and is now the largest naval shipyard in the Pacific Northwest. This densely built industrial area next to the town of Bremerton employs over 15,000 people. Though ships are rarely built here now, it is one of the Navy's busiest repair yards, updating...
Major Marine Corps training base, covering nearly 100 square miles. The Corps' Combat Development Command is based here, which develops strategies for Marine combat, and makes up most of the community of over 12,000 military and civilian personnel, including families. It has a budget of around $300...
Randolph Air Force Base was commissioned in 1931 as a flight training facility for the U.S. Army Air Force and later the U.S. Air Force, and continues to function in that capacity today, primarily relying on T-6A, T-38C Talon, and T-1A Jayhawk training jets. In 2010, it merged with Lackland Air...
An underground complex, built by the Department of Defense as an emergency shelter and electronic control center. Located underneath 650 acres in the hills near the Pennsylvania/Maryland border, Raven Rock, AKA "Site R", reportedly had a full-time staff of 350 for much of the Cold War. Officially...
Primary rocket and missile research and development center for the Army. 20,000 people work within Redstone's 38,248 secured acres. Facilities include laboratory and administrative office buildings and several instrumented test ranges. Also a primary location for the U.S. Army Space and Strategic...
Closed by BRAC in 1997, Reese was an undergraduate flight training base flying mostly T-37 and T-38 training jets. The site was renamed the Reese Technology Center upon its closing, and is now home to a variety of businesses.
Robins Air Force Base, located near the geographical center of Georgia, is a heavily industrialized installation covering 8,970 acres, specializing in aircraft and weapons system maintenance. One of five large Air Force logistics centers in the country, Robins oversees the repairs on the Air...
The largest government-owned weapons manufacturing plant in the country. It is operated by the Army's Industrial Operations Command, and staffed mostly by civilians. Producing weapons on this 946 acre island in the Mississippi River since 1862, it currently manufactures primarily Howitzers, machine...
27 square miles of what has been called by many "the most toxic land in America." The only mission at the site now is clean-up. The sprawling plant was established in WWII to manufacture chemical weapons such as mustard gas and napalm. It was later taken over by private companies, including the...
Once a test area on the southwest edge of the Salton Sea, the base is now abandoned, with all or most of the buildings torn down. In the 1950's the area was used by Sandia National Labs, based in Albuquerque, New Mexico, as a range for missile testing (Sandia relocated their test ranges to the...
Home port for 60 of the 98 Navy ships that port in San Diego area, the San Diego Naval Station is the largest port for the Pacific Fleet. It is the workplace for 4,000 people, in addition to the more than 40,000 people who serve on the ships that are ported here. The thousand acre base, located on...
This island, 60 miles off the coast of Point Mugu, belongs to the Navy, and is part of the Naval Air Center's Sea Test Range, a missile test and training range associated with Point Mugu's Naval Weapons Center. The island has a 10,000 foot runway, communications and missile tracking equipment, and...
This Naval Station, located on the west shore of Lake Washington in Seattle, officially closed in September, 1995. Most Navy operations were moved to the new Naval Station Everett. Much of the site is now Magnuson Park, which has good kite flying fields, near the decommissioned nuclear sub-fin...
Sandia National Laboratory, the Department of Energy's nuclear weapons lab, has a facility on the Barking Sands Missile Test Range Site. The Kauai Test Facility assembles and tests rockets and missiles, studying launching, flight, and impact characteristics. Barking Sands is a missile test facility...
Once the largest munition depots in the country, during WWII military operations had ceased by the time the base officially closed in 2000. However, much of the 13,165-acre depot will remain off-limits for some time due to lingering hazards, as areas were used for the disposal of mustard gas, and...
Saylor Creek is a 100,000 acre bombing and training range in southern Idaho. It is associated with Mountain Home Air Force Base, located 25 miles north of the range, but is used by aircrews from other bases as well. The range is primarily used by flying forces, training for air to ground warfare,...
Approximately 15,000 soldiers are stationed and train here, on this two-part installation. The west range houses the main base, and the long, narrow east range extends up a mountain and is used for training. Part of a complex of over 75 military sites on Oahu.
Headquarters for the Space Warfare Center and a major control center for military satellites, through a complex of golf-ball-shaped radomes on base. The global positioning system (GPS) is also controlled from here, with the master clock on the base keeping the system in synch. The transfer of...