Military
Williams Field was a WW2 training base that continued to be a busy Air Force pilot training base until 1993, when it was closed. It has since transitioned into a civil aviation airport (initially called Williams Gateway Airport until its rechristening as Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport in 2007), as...
Picatinny Arsenal includes 950 buildings on 6,500 acres. It is home of the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC). The Center performs life cycle engineering for Department of Defense guns, ammunition, fire control, and associated weaponry. ARDEC Engineers perform...
Pine Bluff is one of the nation's major chemical weapons facilities. It has several large industrial areas for hazardous work, more than 600 buildings, and at least 267 storage igloos. It once stored 12.5% of the nation's obsolete chemical weapons, until their successful incineration over a...
Plattsburgh was a major military base starting as early as 1814, until 1995, when it was closed by BRAC. At that time it was a base for medium range bombers, and a refueling wing, and had 4,000 active duty military personnel. It is located at the northeast corner of New York, on Lake Champlain. It...
A large military training area in the middle of Hawaii's Big Island, located adjacent to the Mauna Kea Observatory. Consisting of around 133,000 acres, including impact areas, firing ranges, an airfield, and maneuver areas. The largest military groundspace in Hawaii.
Point Molate was developed by the California Wine Association in 1908, as a central winery for processing grapes from all over the state. The Winehaven Winery, as it was called, became the largest winery in the United States, producing 12 million gallons of wine and port per year at its peak,...
The Naval Air Warfare Weapons Station at Point Mugu is a 4,490 acre, heavily developed site on the coast of Southern California, near Ventura. It is a weapons research and development, test and evaluation center for the Navy, and has been developing missiles, drones and target vehicles since WWII....
Located on the northern tip of Fort Bragg, Pope is a 1,900 acre base with 5,500 employees and approximately 70 aircraft. The "flying tigers" of Pope are deployed to many contemporary incursions, and are recognizable because all the aircraft, from fighter jets to transports, have a snarling tiger's...
Port Hueneme is primarily an engineering, maintenance and construction base for various Navy functions. The Naval Construction Battalion Center at Port Hueneme is the home of the Pacific coast "SeaBees," the wartime engineering and building force. The Naval Facilities Engineering Services Center is...
Nuclear submarine repair, maintenance and refueling base, located on heavily industrialized 272-acre Seavey's Island off Kittery, Maine, across the Piscataqua River from Portsmouth, NH. Established in 1800, the base is the nation's oldest public shipyard, and is overseen by the Naval Sea Systems...
An internment camp in the lower Sonoran desert where over 17,000 people of Japanese ethnicity were imprisoned during World War Two. The facility consisted of three camps located on the grounds of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, making it "an internment camp within an internment camp." The...
1,480 acres of scenic urban land at the base of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, contained within the larger 75,500-acre Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA), the world's largest national park in an urban area. The Sixth Army still has a presence of a few hundred people here; they...
Former military base now converted to a civilian airport. In early 1960, the base became the nation's only SNARK missile site, when the first of its kind was put into service. The SNARK was a long-range, nuclear-capable, cruise missile, with a length of 65 feet. They were designed to be...
Part of a network of satellite tracking and control facilities, overseen by the Naval Satellite Operations Center (NAVSOC). Headquartered at Point Mugu, CA, other facilities include stations at Rosemount, MN, Laguna Peak, CA, Wahiawa, HI, and Finegayan Bay, Guam. The Navy, at one point, used its...
Originally established as an ammunition and materiel storage center during WWII, Pueblo Chemical Depot is comprised of 22,654 acres of rolling prairie, with warehouses, munition igloos, and maintenance facilities. In the 1990s, most Army activities were transferred to several other army depots...
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard began life in 1891, and is now the largest naval shipyard in the Pacific Northwest. This densely built industrial area next to the town of Bremerton employs over 15,000 people. Though ships are rarely built here now, it is one of the Navy's busiest repair yards, updating...
Major Marine Corps training base, covering nearly 100 square miles. The Corps' Combat Development Command is based here, which develops strategies for Marine combat, and makes up most of the community of over 12,000 military and civilian personnel, including families. It has a budget of around $300...
Randolph Air Force Base was commissioned in 1931 as a flight training facility for the U.S. Army Air Force and later the U.S. Air Force, and continues to function in that capacity today, primarily relying on T-6A, T-38C Talon, and T-1A Jayhawk training jets. In 2010, it merged with Lackland Air...
An underground complex, built by the Department of Defense as an emergency shelter and electronic control center. Located underneath 650 acres in the hills near the Pennsylvania/Maryland border, Raven Rock, AKA "Site R", reportedly had a full-time staff of 350 for much of the Cold War. Officially...
Primary rocket and missile research and development center for the Army. Around 35,000 people work within Redstone's 38,125 secured acres. Facilities include laboratory and administrative office buildings, several instrumented test ranges, and a 7,200 ft airfield runway. Also a primary location for...
Closed by BRAC in 1997, Reese was an undergraduate flight training base flying mostly T-37 and T-38 training jets. The site was renamed the Reese Technology Center upon its closing, and is now home to a variety of businesses.
Robins Air Force Base located near the geographical center of Georgia, is a heavily industrialized installation covering 8,970 acres, specializing in aircraft and weapons system maintenance. Home to the Air Force Materiel Command's Warner Robins Air Logistics Center, one of three large...
The largest government-owned weapons manufacturing plant in the country. It is operated by the U.S. Army's Industrial Operations Command, and staffed mostly by civilians. Producing weapons on this 946-acre island in the Mississippi River since 1862, it currently manufactures primarily Howitzers,...
27 square miles of what was once considered by many to have been "the most toxic land in America." The sprawling plant was established in WWII to manufacture chemical weapons such as mustard gas and napalm. It was later taken over by private companies, including the Shell Chemical Company, and...
Once a test area on the southwest edge of the Salton Sea, the base is now abandoned, with all or most of the buildings torn down. When the U.S. Navy initially commissioned the base in 1942, it lay claim to only the northern end of the Salton Sea, but within a few years the base had expanded to...
Home to around 50 Navy ships in addition to the odd Coast Guard, research, or auxiliary vessel, the San Diego Naval Station is the principal homeport for the Pacific Fleet. The 1,600-acre base, located on the east side of San Diego Bay, has 12 miles of berthing space.
This island, 60 miles off the coast of Point Mugu, belongs to the Navy, and is part of the Naval Air Center's Sea Test Range, a missile test and training range associated with the Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division at Point Mugu. The island has a 10,000 foot runway, communications and...
This Naval Station, located on the west shore of Lake Washington in Seattle, officially closed in September, 1995. Most Navy operations were moved to the new Naval Station Everett. Much of the site is now Magnuson Park, which has good kite flying fields, near the decommissioned nuclear sub-fin...
Sandia National Laboratory (a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation), operates a facility on the Barking Sands Missile Test Range Site for the Department of Energy. The Kauai Test Facility assembles and tests rockets and missiles, studying launching, flight, and impact characteristics. The...
Until its closure in 2000, the Savanna Army Depot was one of the largest U.S. Army munitions depots in the U.S. From 1917 until 1995, the U.S. Army used the site to test artillery and ammunition, to store as well as to destroy obsolete ordnance, and to refurbish older bombs and shells. These...