Observatory
A configuration of rocks in the forest that are aligned to various celestial bodies and solstices. Also a "sacrificial table" slab, and an "oracle chamber", all mysteriously erected by unknown agents. A prehistoric, megalithic tourist attraction.
A private observatory consisting of the Astrophysical Research Consortium's 3.5-meter telescope, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey 2.5-m telescope, and New Mexico State University's 1.0-m telescope.
A solar observatory on Big Bear Lake, in the San Bernardino Mountains. The observatory is located in the middle of the lake, accessed by a narrow spit, as surrounding the observatory with water reduces the distortion caused by terrestrial convection, the shimmering effect of heat radiating upwards...
An unusual and extremely large antenna consisting of a 500-foot-long flat array, built on the ground, and two vertical reflectors on either end. Built by Ohio State University, it became the first dedicated SETI (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) facility in 1973, and was used to search...
The Haystack Observatory is located in a complex of radio antennas in the hills above Westford and Tyngsboro. Inside the facility's dome is a 120-foot- diameter steerable radio dish, built by the Air Force in 1963, and designed by MIT's Lincoln Lab. Ownership has since been transferred from the...
Homestake is a mining area around Lead, South Dakota, a series of underground and surface gold mines that have been active for 125 years. Most of the area’s mines are closed now. One of the mines was turned into a neutrino observatory in 1965, and operated for a few decades. The 1.1-mile-deep mine...
More than 20 telescopes are clustered at the summit of Kitt Peak, from radio telescopes to solar telescopes. It is the location of the 3.8 meter National Optical Astronomy Observatory Mayall telescope, one of the world's largest, and the unusual McMath solar telescope, which projects an image of...
An observatory atop Mount Hamilton, a 4,200 foot mountain east of San Jose, operated by the University of California, Santa Cruz. Facilities include four modern telescopes, including the 3-meter Shane optical telescope, one of the most productive research scopes in the world. Among other...
LIGO - the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory - is a new research facility on the grounds of the Hanford Reservation, built to record otherwise undetectable gravitational waves striking the earth. The facility consists of a control building, from which a pair of two mile long,...
A collection of eight observatories on Mars Hill, Anderson Mesa (10 miles away), and other hills in the Flagstaff area, comprising the Lowell Observatory. This observatory is known for its observations of the Solar System and of asteroids, though it also explores objects in deeper space. There are...
The 10,500 foot summit area of South Baldy in the Magdelena Mountains of central New Mexico is the location of two unusual observatories. On one peak is the Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research, built in 1963, to study cloud processes, lighting, hail, and rain. It was built here due to the...
A busy cluster of observatories, operated by several organizations, atop Mauna Kea, a 13,796-foot mountain on the Big Island of Hawaii. Said to be the largest astronomical observatory in the world, Mauna Kea is the home of the new Keck Telescope, the largest optical telescope in the world, at 10-...
Observatory atop Mount Locke in West Texas, with several optical and radio telescopes; NASA and the University of Texas operate a 107" scope used primarily for spectroscopic analysis of distant bodies; a lunar occultation scope, used to observe stars as they are eclipsed by the moon; a laser...
The second highest operating observatory in the world, located at 14,100 feet. Operated by the University of Denver, the 2100-square foot observatory complex was completed in 1996 and has twin 28-inch telescopes that can be operated remotely.
Millstone Hill became an important site in the development of electromagnetic communication in 1957, when a just completed dish built on the site became the first American antenna to track the world's first satellite - the short-lived Soviet Sputnik 1. Antennas at Millstone have been instrumental...
A remarkable collection of five or so observatories at 10,000 feet on this mountain. The LURE facility, for example, bounced lasers off reflectors left on the moon, to measure tectonic movement on earth. Another, an Air Force observatory, is part of the USAF Ground-based Electro-optical Deep Space...
A historic observatory in the San Gabriel Mountains, high above Pasadena. Several telescopes are in use, including a 60 and a 150-foot tower telescope, used for solar observations; infrared interferometer equipment, and the 100-inch Hooker optical telescope. Most of the telescopes are operated by...
Major radio astronomy site, with numerous large dish antennas. One of the three major facilities for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, along with the Very Large Array near Socorro, New Mexico, and a group of ten dishes distributed from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii known as the Very Long...
In the plains of Saint Agustin, west of Socorro, is the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope, part of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, one of the most powerful radio telescopes in the world. The VLA consists of 27 82-foot radio dishes that can be moved on tracks to cover an area as large...
This astronomical observatory is operated by Harvard University and the Smithsonian Institution, and is located in the hills above the town of Harvard. Facilities include reflector telescopes, and several crumbling historic astronomical instruments. Also on the site is an 84-foot diameter radio...
Observatory in the hills of Southern California, opened in 1948, and for a long time considered the best optical observatory in the world. Facilities include the 5-meter (200-inch) Hale telescope. As in many other early optical observatories located in the Southwest, light pollution from nearby...
The site of Solar Two is currently an empty lot, since the plant was removed in 2009. For more than 20 years this experimental solar facility was the largest of its type in the country (and only one of two similar structures in the USA), and the first of four major solar power plants built in the...
A military observatory and space R&D lab next to the Manzano Mountains, on the grounds of Kirtland Air Force Base, near Albuquerque. Operated by the Air Force Research Lab's Directed Energy Directorate. The facility is a Satellite Laser Ranging station, which uses lasers to "map," monitor, and...
An observatory with a number of telescopes, used primarily for solar research. NASA has built a three-meter mirror telescope using a mirror composed of liquid mercury, continuously rotated to form a nearly flawless reflector. This instrument is used to track space debris composed of fragments of...
In addition to having some of the worst weather in the world--the weather station has recorded a surface wind speed of 231 mph, the second highest anywhere, and annual snowfalls of over 500 inches--the summit of Mount Washington has a gift shop and snack bar for tourists. The 6,288 foot granite-...
This is one of a network of antennas in the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA). The VLBA is a radio astronomy observatory antenna, composed of ten 82-foot collectors spread out across the USA from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii, working together to form a radio antenna 5,000 miles in diameter....
An antenna for the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA). The VLBA is a radio astronomy observatory antenna, composed of ten 82-foot collectors spread out across the USA from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii, working together to form a radio antenna 5,000 miles in diameter. Information from this...
An antenna for the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA). The VLBA is a radio astronomy observatory antenna, composed of ten 82-foot collectors spread out across the USA from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii, working together to form a radio antenna 5,000 miles in diameter. Information from this...
The Smithsonian Institution operates this observatory, which has a number of telescopes including one of the world's largest, the Multiple Mirror Telescope, which is comprised of six 72" mirrors (but is being replaced with a new single 256" mirror).
Orgonon is a place in the countryside near Rangeley, Maine, with an unusual observatory, the Orgone Energy Observatory, built in 1948 by psychologist Wilhelm Reich, who used it for research until his arrest by federal agents in 1955. Though the observatory is not in use anymore, it stands as a...