Amherst College Strategic Air Command Bunker, Massachusetts

This 44,000 square-foot underground bunker, is secreted within Bare Mountain, in the rolling hills next to Hampshire College. It was built in 1957 as a backup command and control center by the Strategic Air Command (SAC), which operated a bomber base nearby in Westover. The three story building features a self-contained water supply and electrical generation system, a cavernous "war room" with a glassed-in balcony, and accommodations for up to 300 people. In 1971, as SAC centralized its command centers in Nebraska and Colorado, the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston moved in and used it as an emergency back-up facility, and for records storage, along with New England Telephone and the New York Federal Reserve. The bunker was put up for sale for $250,000 in 1992, and was bought by nearby Amherst College, which has used it as a book depository and archival storage facility since 1994. In addition, Mount Holyoke, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Smith College, and Hampshire College, collectively lease 10,000 square feet of storage space from Amherst College, in order to store less frequently used items from their respective libraries.