Fort Chaffee is a 100-square-mile rural installation used as a training base for the National Guard and reserve forces. It was the home of the Army's Joint Readiness Training Center before being severely realigned in 1991. Built in 1941, this 72,000-acre military base was the training site for thousands of troops heading overseas during World War II, and in 1958 Elvis Presley was inducted into the U.S. Army and began basic training here. In recent years it served as a temporary holding facility for Vietnamese and Cuban refugees. There are plans to convert some of the huge base into a public park. Portions have already been redeveloped.