Round Hill Lab Site, Massachusetts

MIT was invited to conduct research at this estate on Buzzards Bay, known as Round Hill, in 1925, by its owner, Colonel Edward Green, an aviation and radio enthusiast, and bon vivant. Some important developments in radar and radio were made at the estate, including the technique of tropospheric scatter for long distance communication (further developed at Lincoln Lab and Millstone Hill), encouraged by the support and enthusiasm of Colonel Green, who inherited a fortune from his mother, Hetty Green, possibly the richest woman in the world when she died. Colonel Green built a hangar to house a Goodyear blimp, loaned for radar research, and to contain a large Van de Graaff generator (the same one now used in performances at the Boston Museum of Science). He built housing for the scientists, and a huge mansion for himself, and left the site to MIT, which eventually sold it to a group of Jesuits who moved into the mansion. Remnants from the Gatsby-esque research era remain at the site, including one of the several large steerable radar dishes, now crumbling adjacent to a residence constructed from the antenna's control building (occupied by the current owner of the Round Hill property). The dish, a landmark for boaters on the bay, is known as the "martini glass" and "bird bath."