New York

111 8th Avenue is one of the most important internet buildings in the world. The Art Deco structure was built in 1932, and occupies an entire block. With nearly three million square feet, it was the largest single structure in New York for more than 30 years...

This is one of AT&T’s principal telco buildings in Manhattan, built as the Long Line headquarters in 1932, and is heavily connected to the backbone of the internet. The meet-me room on the 24th floor is known as the Hub, and is a major carrier...

The windowless slab of 33 Thomas Street in Manhattan is a 550 foot tall telephone switching center, the largest in the city, and among the largest in the world. It was built by AT&T in 1974, as its new Long Lines (long-distance) hub. It is still a telco...

375 Pearl Street, generally known as the Verizon Building, next to the Brooklyn Bridge, was built as a switching center for the New York Telephone Company in 1975. Later bought by Verizon, which still operates some telephone switching facilities on floors 8-...

60 Hudson Street is one of Manhattan’s “Big Three” networked buildings (the others are 32 Avenue of the Americas and 111 8th Ave.). Built in 1930, it was the former headquarters for Western Union. The meet-me room on the ninth floor is one of the most...

Nicola Tesla is among the visionaries who conceived of harnessing the falls for electrical production, and the Adams Power Station was the first large-scale electrical generating station in the world to use alternating current, which Tesla had developed and...

One of two aluminum plants in the area, this one is in an industrial park in Messina. Both are part of a larger industrial region, established to consume power from the epic St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project, a major upstate project,...

Art Park was an important development site for emerging earth artists of the 1970's. Located on reclaimed land next to the Niagara River, near Lewiston, New York, the 200-acre state park had a well supported artist-in-residence program that began in 1974. The...

811 10th Avenue is a modern, windowless AT&T central office (CO) telco building, that housed microwave links and switching equipment. The 40-story building was the largest CO in Manhattan, and it still houses telephone operations for AT&T and others...

A huge gilded-age summer house on an island in the Thousand Islands region of the St. Lawrence River. George Boldt was a hotel magnate, and started this project in 1900, though he stopped in 1904 when his wife died, and never finished it. It sat mostly...

The international border between the US and Canada, generally following the 45th Parallel here, passes through the territory of a third nation - that of the Akwesasne Mohawk tribe, where the boundary has a reduced significance at the local level....

A diversified federal R&D lab, involved in energy research, biomedical research and environmental science research, and one of the major particle accelerator facilities in the country. Established after WWII, Brookhaven was founded as part of the...

Inside the anchorage of the Brooklyn side of the Brooklyn Bridge is a cavernous complex of eight 50-foot tall spaces. These cathedral-like rooms were walled off and used for storage for many years, until 1983, when an arts organization installed an exhibit...

CUBRC is a nonprofit organization that operates the Large Energy National Shock Tunnel (LENS) for the U.S. Government. The tunnel is used in high-velocity research, duplicating flight conditions on projectiles and weapons at speeds of up to Mach 15.

Less than half a mile from the border is a former Atlas F Missile Intercontinental Missile Silo, operational in the 1960s to protect America from Soviet attack. It is one of several historic missile silos within a mile of the Canadian Border, including...

The Champlain/Lacolle crossing, on Interstate 87, is one of the busiest crossings in the country. I-87 travels through the Adirondacks, and is the most direct route between New York City, and Montreal, less than 30 miles north of here. Over 2 million...

Traffic at the remote Churubusco/Franklin border crossing was slow enough that Canadian officials closed and demolished their Port of Entry here in 2011. The Americans, however, continued with their plans to upgrade theirs, along with dozens of others all...

New York State's largest prison. Called "Little Siberia" due to its remote northern location, near the Canadian border. Opened in the late 1800's, this maximum security facility has housed some of the nation's most notorious mobsters, ax murderers, gangster...

Headquarters for the Corning Glass Company, a diversified manufacturing and R...

Part of the water-supply system for New York City, the 13.5 foot diameter Delaware tunnel was completed in 1944 after seven years of construction. It connects the Rondout Reservoir, near Ellenville, to the Hillview Reservoir, in Yonkers. At 85 miles, it is...

Protruding from the trees on a hillside above the eastern shore of the Hudson River, visible from public roads, is a nearly 100 year old 45,000 square foot moorish castle that has never been finished, nor really been lived in (except by a caretaker). Evans...

A groundbreaking exhibit called "Earth Art" was held at the Andrew Dickson White Museum of Art at Cornell University in 1969, curated by Willoughby Sharp. Included in the exhibit were Hans Haacke, Neil Jenney, Richard Long, David Medalla, Robert Morris,...

The Edgewood Club of Tivoli, up the Hudson River from New York City, claims to be the oldest golf club in the USA operating at its original location. It started out in 1884, with just two holes. Now it has nine.

A 107,265-acre base in upstate New York, home of light infantry mountain units, and used in the training of almost 80,000 troops a year. From 1986 to 1992, $1.3 billion in improvements were performed on the base, including new housing units and roads, to...

This northwestern arm of Lake Champlain transitions here into the Richelieu River, which flows into the St. Lawrence River, near Montreal. The river is a significant historic route connecting the US and Canada, a pathway for troops during skirmishes between...

The principal dump for New York City's garbage for over 50 years, Fresh Kills was the largest landfill in the world. 2,200 acres and a few hundred feet high, the dump received 14,000 tons per day, or 5 million tons per year, until it was shut down in 2001. It...

This General Electric Plant, along with another, one mile downstream at Fort Edward, is the source of the PCBs that line the sediments of the Hudson River, making what some call the "largest Superfund Site in the Nation" (the watershed downstream of Butte,...

The Half Way House is one of the largest of the 20 or so occupied buildings divided by the international boundary between the US and Canada. It is also likely the oldest. It is between the Ports of Entry at the Fort Covington/Dundee Crossing, on Route 132....

High Falls, on the Genesee River, is in the middle of downtown Rochester. Though there are a few other waterfalls at industrial cities in upstate New York, such as Glens Falls, Hudson Falls, and Cohoes Falls, none are as urban as those in Rochester. The city...

A developed tourist cave with a large main passageway, an underground lake offering rowboat rides, a wedding chapel and an elevator.