Texas

An earthwork by the artist Robert Smithson, consisting of a 140 foot diameter partial circle of rock, which rises out of the level ground to a height of around 15 feet. The artificial lake in which the piece once emerged is now dry, and the sculpture is...

Anadarko Petroleum is an independent oil exploration and production company, based in the Woodlands, north of Houston. Companies in this field seek out and develop new or existing oil and gas fields, generating revenue primarily by discovering, developing,...

This commercial chemical and radioactive waste site began accepting a wider range of radioactive wastes in April, 2012, and is currently one of the few commercial facilities in the United States permitted for all three types of low-level radioactive waste -...

Apache is one of the larger independent, non-integrated oil companies, and one of many that are based around Houston. These companies focus on exploration and development of oil and gas fields, generating their profits primarily as leaseholders. They...

Aramco Services Company, located in Houston, is the U.S.- based subsidiary of the largest oil company in the world, Saudi Aramco. Based in Dhahran, Saudi Aramco is the state-owned company of Saudi Arabia, and owns 99% of the oil in a nation whose proven oil...

Once one of two copper smelters owned by Asarco (the other is in Hayden, Arizona, closer to the company's mines in Arizona), El Paso once boasted an 828-foot-tall smokestack, and a 612-foot one, at their former 458-acre plant site. Operations were suspended...

Baker Hughes is one of the largest oil services companies in the world, focusing primarily on drilling technology. An accretion of related companies, the brand's history includes the Baker International Corporation, which has roots back to well drilling tools...

Texas' first nuclear power complex is the South Texas project in Bay City, one of two nuclear plants in the state. The South Texas Project has 2 reactors. Unit 1 was commissioned in 1988, followed by Unit 2 in 1989. The output of both units is rated at 1,250...

One of the world's largest helicopter manufacturers for both civilian and defense products. Owned by the diversified manufacturing and research and development company Textron, Inc. This is the main plant and headquarters for the company, which has additional...

Big Hill is a federally-controlled underground petroleum storage site, one of four in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve program of the US Government. Along with another site in Texas (the Bryan Mound site near Freeport), and two in Louisiana, these sites can...

One of two refineries in West Texas. Big Spring is a relatively small, 73,000 barrels per day capacity plant. It is operated now by Alon, an Israeli energy company, that bought the US refining and marketing assets of Fina in 2000 (Fina had operated the plant...

BJ Services is a major well-completion company, founded by Byron Jackson (BJ), a late 19th century inventor of innovative pumps. BJ Services expanded through mergers with companies involved in oil well development and stimulation technologies, such as well...

Boots and Coots's executive offices are located on the fifth floor of this building near a shopping center on the Sam Houston Parkway. Boots Hansen and Coots Matthews worked for the Red Adair Company, a well fire and blowout control company made famous after...

BP, formerly known as British Petroleum, has its largest American presence in an expanding corporate campus on the I-10 Energy Corridor west of Houston. BP is the third largest of the supermajor oil companies (after ExxonMobil and Shell). It is the largest...

Until its closing in 2011, Brooks was one of four Air Force Bases around San Antonio, and the home of the Human Systems Center, a laboratory that examined the human component in Air Force systems, using flight simulators, human centrifuges, etc. The Brooks...

A suburban subdivision (in the shadow of the massive Baytown Refinery) which was vacated due to flooding problems. Roads and lots for 400 homes were carved out of the bushes on this 450 acre riverfront peninsula in the 1950's. Decades of groundwater pumping...

Located on the west side of Freeport is one of two federal Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites in Texas, the Bryan Mound site. Like the other (Big Hill, near Beaumont) and the other two in Louisiana, Bryan Mound is a subterranean salt dome that has been...

This American landmark, composed of ten vintage Cadillacs buried nose-first in a field outside Amarillo, was originally installed in 1974. It was conceived by a group of artists and architects known as Ant Farm (Chip Ward, Hudson Marquez, and Doug Michaels),...

Cameron (formerly Cooper Cameron) is a flow control equipment and systems company, active in supplying drilling and pipeline operations on land and at sea. Cameron is a major supplier of pipe and valve assemblies for offshore and sea floor environments,...

One of the few remaining carbon black plants in Texas, this facility is actually two adjacent plants operated by separate companies, the Sid Richardson Carbon Company and Evonik. Carbon black is a powdery black carbon material resulting from the incomplete...

A major natural gas gathering station in eastern Texas, where gas from the region's gas fields is collected, processed, chilled, compressed, and routed out to customers and other processing stations through the network of 145,000 miles of gas pipline in the...

The Clear Lake plant of the Celanese Corporation opened in 1964. It is located in a petrochemical plant cluster in southern Pasadena that is separate from the rest of the Houston Ship Channel petrochemical corridor, near the Bayport Ship Channel. Celanese is...

Celanese, based in Irving, is one of the largest producers of acetyl, an intermediate chemical used in many industries, and a producer of high performance polymers and other petrochemicals. It has plants in a number of countries, several of which are in the U...

This plastics plant in a remote Texas Panhandle agricultural town primarily makes acetic acid, used commonly as a solvent and as a base chemical, and acetic anhydride, a chemical used in making acetate films (and for making heroin from morphine). This plant,...

ChevronPhillips, a chemical company based in the Woodlands, north of Houston, operates one of its largest facilities in small city of Borger, near the top of the Texas Panhandle. The plant, originally a Phillips Petroleum plant, makes Specialty Products for...

A major petrochemical plant and refinery, located at Old Ocean, near Sweeney, 40 miles southwest of Houston. The Sweeny Refinery on site is owned by ConocoPhillips, and has a capacity of 247,000 barrels per day. Also on site is a chemical plant, owned by...

Chevron and ConocoPhillips jointly own this petrochemical company, formed in 2000, and headquartered in the Woodlands, north of Houston. ChevronPhillips Chemical operates 36 plants around the world, making olefins, styrene, and other base materials for the...

One of a few major plants in the region that are owned by ChevronPhillips, a large petrochemical company based in the Woodlands, north of Houston. ChevronPhillips was created in 2000, by joining the chemical divisions of Chevron and Phillips (now...

The town of Marfa, at the southern edge of West Texas, has been transformed by the presence of the artist Donald Judd, who established the Chinati Foundation there, along with his residence and studio complexes. Judd, who died in 1994, was an internationally...

A petrochemical complex composed of two separate but adjacent facilities, south of the town of Alvin, and about thirty miles south of Houston. The plants have been associated with Oxychemical, Monsanto, Amoco, Ineos, Equistar, and Solutia. On site is a...